Current AffairsEducation

The gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education in India crossed the 27% mark in AISHE 2019-20 report

  • The gross enrolment ratio (GER) in higher education in India crossed the 27% mark,
  • GER for females (27.3) for the second consecutive year recorded a higher percentage compared to males 26.6).
  • In the last five years, female enrolment recorded an 18.2% increase, as overall enrolment in higher education grew by 11.4% in the same period.
  • The number of universities has increased by 30.5% during the period of 2015-16 to 2019-20 and the number of colleges has also increased by about 8.4% in the same period.
  • Uttar Pradesh, with its highest student enrolment in India, has 49.1% male and 50.9% female students.
  • According to the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2019-20 report released on Thursday, there has been a significant shift in the choice of the discipline of study, as in the last five years engineering and technology registered a negative growth (-13.4), while medical science enrolment has been up by 51.1% in the same period.
  • The enrolment in higher education stands at 3.85 crores in 2019-20 as compared to 3.74 crores in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %). Total enrolment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15.
  • (GER) of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in higher education in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
  • Gender too indicates an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of the eligible age group compared to males with 1.01 in 2019-20 as against 1.00 in 2018-19.
  •  The number of universities has increased by 30.5% from 799 in 2015-16 to 1043 in 2019-20. The number of colleges has increased by about 8.4% from 39,071 in 2015-16 to 42,343 in 2019-20.
  • Discipline-wise while enrolment in arts/ humanities/ social science has registered 0.4% growth in the last five years, science (13.5%) and commerce (8.5%) on the other hand have found more takers. Enrolment in IT and computer courses too registered a growth of 4.2% in the last five years.
  •  out of the total enrolment of 3,85,36,359 students, a vast majority of 3.06 crore students are enrolled in undergraduate which is approximately 79.5% of the total enrolment, followed by 11.2% students enrolled in post-graduation.
  •  Maharashtra tops in the enrolment of students in universities (including constituent units) with 9,67,034, followed by Tamil Nadu with 9,26,490 students, and Delhi with 8,16,110 students.
  • Of the 42,343 colleges, 60.56% are located in rural areas and 10.75% of Colleges are exclusively for girls. And the majority of the colleges (78.6%) in the country, are privately managed, led by Andhra Pradesh (81%), Telangana (80%), Uttar Pradesh (78.5%), and Tamil Nadu (77.6%). Also, 65.5% of the colleges enrol less than 500 students, while just 4% of the colleges have an enrolment of more than 3,000 students.
  • A total of 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges, and 9,599 stand-alone institutions participated in the survey, which provides key performance indicators on the current status of higher education in the country.

Source – Indian Express

Tags: Current Affairs, Education

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