The first year of COVID-19 lockdown saw the highest incidence of deaths from respiratory illnesses in a decade, the 2020 report on medical certification of cause of death (MCCD) compiled by the Registrar-General of India (RGI) says.
- As many as 1,81,160 deaths were due to respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, asthma and bronchitis, higher than the 1,52,311 in 2019 from those causes.
- The certified deaths are other than those caused by COVID-19, also a respiratory disease that has been separately recorded in the report as “Deaths reported under Codes for Special Purposes (COVID-19 Deaths)”.
- At 1,60,618 deaths, the report said, this newly introduced major group is the third leading cause, recording 8.9% of the total medically certified deaths at the national level. The Union Health Ministry, however, reported 1.49 lakh COVID-19 deaths in 2020.
- The total number of deaths from all causes in 2020 was 81.2 lakh. The highest number of people died of diseases of the circulatory system.