Lothal was one of the southernmost cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization,located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarāt. Construction of the city began around 2200 BCE.Discovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from 13 February 1955 to 19 May 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the official Indian government agency for the preservation of ancient monuments. According to the ASI, Lothal had the world’s earliest known dock, which connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea.
First port city
Since we have not yet been able to decode the Indus script, it cannot be said with certainty whether Lothal was actually the first port city in the country. Historians also differ about this. But it is true that the Lothal currencies found in other ancient cities make it very clear that it had great importance in trade with other ancient civilizations. In such a situation, it can be said that this dockyard indicates the maritime activities of the Harappans.
- The 4500-year-old city was built mathematically as planned. It had the system of crossing roads at proper angles, drainage systems and large bathrooms.
- The finding of jars like toilets and lotus shows that there was enough emphasis on hygiene.
Museum of Archaeological Survey of India
Bead-pearl makers were very skilled in Lothal. Here the pearl-bead found in Lothal is kept in the Museum of Archaeological Survey of India. It is written on a signboard installed here … A bead-pearl maker’s house was also found in Khodai in the lower city. It had many rooms and a furnace. 800 Cornelian pearls lying at various stages of production were found there. Along with these, many types of equipment and raw materials were also recovered from there. A unicorn seal (mudra) is also housed in this museum, which is believed to be the only seal of its kind.
Source: The Hindu