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About Jal Shakti Mission

The Ministry of Jal Shakti was established in May 2019 under the Government of India. Two ministries namely the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, as well as the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, were merged together to form the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

As per the promises made by the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Ministry of Jal Shakti was formed in May 2019 to reduce the issues related to water scarcity in India. Soon after the announcement of the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat announced the commencement of the Jal Shakti Abhiyan on 1st July 2019. This was a campaign for water conservation and water security that continued from 1st July 2019 till 15th September 2019. This campaign mainly focused on the water-stressed districts.

As per Shri Parameswaran Iyer, Secretary, Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), the Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a collaborative campaign of various Ministries under the Government of India and the State Governments being coordinated by the DDWS. The Jal Shakti Abhiyan mainly focuses upon the conservation of water in 1592 water-stressed blocks in 256 districts. It also ensures five important water conservation interventions:

  • Rainwater harvesting
  • Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks
  • Reuse bore well recharge structures
  • Watershed development
  • Intensive afforestation.

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan was also established to develop various Water Conservation Plans for Blocks and Districts, to promote efficient water use for irrigation and the selection of better crops through Krishi Vigyan Kendras.

Objectives of Jal Shakti Ministry

The Jal Shakti Ministry focuses on issues such as international and inter-state water disputes, cleaning of the Ganga, its tributaries and sub-tributaries and also aims in providing clean drinking water. The formation of this ministry targets towards the mounting water challenges faced by India over the past few decades.

Some important schemes/initiatives/programmes that are taken care of by the Jal Shakti Ministry are:

  1. Jal Jeevan Mission
  2. Jal Shakti Abhiyan
  3. Atal Bhujal Yojana
  4. Namami Gange Programme
  5. National Aquifer Mapping Programme
  6. PM Krishi Sinchayee Yojana
Tags: Current Affairs, Environmnet, Government Schemes

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